Hiatal Hernia Anxiety

A hiatal hernia is a condition in which the upper part of your stomach bulges through an opening in your diaphragm. Your diaphragm is the thin muscle that separates your chest from your abdomen. Your diaphragm helps keep acid from coming up into your esophagus. A Flesser known cause of hiatal hernia is anxiety caused by chronic stress. The exact cause of many Hiatal hernias isn’t known. In some people, injury or other damage may weaken muscle tissue. This makes it possible for your stomach to push through your diaphragm. Another cause is putting too much pressure (repeatedly) on the muscles around your stomach. This can happen when: coughing vomiting straining during bowel movements lifting heavy objects Some people are also born with an abnormally large hiatus. This makes it easier for the stomach to move through it. Factors that can increase your risk of a hiatal hernia include: obesity aging smoking Types of hiatal hernia There are generally two types of hiatal hernia: sliding hiatal hernias and fixed, or paraesophageal, hernias. Sliding hiatal hernia This is the more common type of hiatal hernia. It occurs when your stomach and esophagus slide into and out of your chest through the hiatus. Sliding hernias tend to be small. They usually don’t cause any symptoms. They may not require treatment. Fixed hiatal hernia This type of hernia isn’t as common. It’s also known as a paraesophageal hernia. In a fixed hernia, part of your stomach pushes through your diaphragm and stays there. Most cases are not serious. However, there is a risk that blood flow to your stomach could become blocked. If that happens, it could cause serious damage and is considered a medical emergency. Symptoms of a hiatal hernia It’s rare for even fixed hiatal hernias to cause symptoms. If you do experience any symptoms, they’re usually caused by stomach acid, bile, or air entering your esophagus. Common symptoms include: heartburn that gets worse when you lean over or lie down chest pain or epigastric pain trouble swallowing belching

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